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Effective Treatment for Bacterial Infection

Bacteria are one celled living things which are found everywhere. Our body contains different types of bacteria that help in many functions including digestion, destruction of disease-causing cells, and production of certain vitamins. However, about one percent of the bacteria can be harmful to our body resulting in infections. Such bacteria can produce harmful chemicals known as toxins which can make you sick. Some of the commonly affected organs in our body include skin, lungs, bowel and others. Bacterial infections can also be noted in the gums and teeth.

What should I know about bacterial infections?

Bacterial Infection

By Mikael Häggström, used with permission

You should first know about the mode of spread. Harmful bacteria usually enter the body through cuts and wounds, contaminated food and water, or following close contact with an infected person, touching contaminated surfaces with bare hands. Nevertheless, some harmful bacteria may reside in your body at all times. However, these are kept in control by the beneficial bacteria. In conditions where the number of good bacteria decreases, the harmful ones can gain an upper hand and cause infections. Hence, it is necessary to take good care of your body through proper diet, and a healthy lifestyle.

How do I know that I have a bacterial infection?

In general, all infections are associated with inflammation. Although you may not be able to differentiate between a bacterial and viral infection, it can be identified by the doctor based on the features noted. Further confirmation would require lab tests.

The body’s first reaction to bacterial infection is inflammation. The affected region may develop a swelling, the severity and extension of which is dependent on the extent of infection. Fever and chills may often be noted. So it is better to visit a doctor if you notice any abnormal changes in the body.

What is the treatment for bacterial infection?

Treatment for bacterial infection usually involves the administration of antibiotics to kill the harmful bacteria. Other underlying conditions which would have caused the bacterial infection will also need to be treated. You should always complete the course of antibiotics to ensure complete clearance of the bacteria. Failure to do so can make the bacteria resistant to the antibiotic – so the next time you take the same antibiotic, the bacteria will not get killed.

Treating the underlying conditions which would have given rise to bacterial infections is also equally important. For example, bacterial infections are common in those with uncontrolled blood sugar levels. Although the antibiotics may be useful in killing the bacteria to some extent, it may not be completely effective. Hence, controlling the blood sugar levels is also important in such cases for the treatment of bacterial infection. Same is true in the case of gum infections caused by bacteria present in the plaque and tartar. Although antibiotic mouth washes can help to some extent, complete cure from gum infections is not possible until the plaque and tartar are cleared.

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