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Bleeding Gums and Gum Inflammation Treatment

Gum disease affects about 20% of adults in Australia* and is a common cause of bleeding gums and tooth loss (eventually). People affected by gum disease may suffer from bad mouth odour too. Further, it has a negative impact on self confidence and social life. People with gum disease may often not know about it until it has progressed enough to cause bleeding gums. Some may note redness of the gums along with swelling. The gums may bleed while brushing, eating or just the following touch. Deposits on the teeth may also be noted in few.

Causes of bleeding gums

The gum tissues bleed as they are infected by bacteria. Soft deposits on the teeth, known as plaque harbor bacteria which can infect the gum tissues and lead to gum inflammation. When these bacteria are not cleared by brushing, they remain on the tooth and gum surfaces long enough to cause bleeding gums. If left untreated the condition can progress to affect the underlying bone, eventually causing loss of the affected teeth.

The common risk factors include:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Presence of braces
  • Smoking
  • Underlying conditions such as diabetes

Gum Inflammation treatment

Gum inflammation / Gingivitis

Gum inflammation treatment

The management of bleeding gums mainly involves scaling. Some may need to undergo gum surgery as a part of treatment for gum disease.


Scaling is a mechanical process where the dentist clears the debris and deposits on the teeth using an instrument known as a scaler. Such deposits are often difficult to be cleared with brushing alone and need to be cleaned at the dental office. In some cases where the deposits are beyond the gum line, a deeper cleaning would be required to ensure that all the deposits are cleared. The dentist may prescribe a medicated mouthwash after the cleaning which may need to be used for about a week to ten days. Proper brushing technique will also be demonstrated

Gum surgery   

Gum inflammation treatment may involve gum surgery in those with severe infection or in those with inflammation involving a large area of the gums. The dentist will refer to a periodontologist, a specialist for gum disorders who would carry out the procedure. Gum surgery typically involves separation of the gum tissue from the bone, deep cleaning of the tooth and tooth root and suturing of the gum tissue. Any loss of bone if noted is also managed during this procedure.

Prevention of gum inflammation and bleeding gums

Gum inflammation and bleeding can be prevented by following good oral hygiene and managing the gum disorder at early stages. Search for dentist nearby and get your gum health evaluated. Brushing technique will also need to be evaluated to ensure adequate cleaning of the teeth.  The key to better gum health is early identification of gum disease and time management. Regular dental evaluation is necessary for those at a higher risk of developing gum inflammation and bleeding gums.

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